Sialadenitis is a condition that can be characterized by inflammation and enlargement of one or more salivary glands is known as sialadenitis. The condition is categorised into two types – acute and chronic. The characteristics of the sialadenitis are pain, tenderness, redness and gradual localized swelling in the affected area.
The treatment of sialadenitis depends on the severity of symptoms. In most cases of sialadenitis, symptomatic management with hydration, analgesia (NSAIDs), sialogogues to stimulate salivary secretion, and regular, gentle gland massage provides relief. The treatment of sialadenitis involves the following.
You need to keep yourself and stay well hydrated by taking plenty of fluid. If you are not in the condition to consume fluids, your doctor may give intravenous (into a vein) fluids. Staying hydrated is important to restore fluid balance. For the same, you may be prescribed sugarless sour candies or other substances that stimulate your salivary glands to secrete more saliva.
Doctors may prescribe antibiotics to destroy the bacteria. If the infection does not improve with antibiotics, the next option is surgery to open and drain the gland.
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