Septo-optic dysplasia (SOD) is a congenital malformation syndrome. The rare disorder is characterised by underdevelopment of the patient’s optic nerve, dysfunction of the pituitary gland and the lack of presence of the septum pellucidum.
The symptoms associated with the congenital disorder are a malformed or abnormally developed optic disk, deficiencies of the pituitary, agenesis of the septum pellucidum, blindness (in one or both the eyes), dilation of the pupils in response to light and Nystagmus (rapid, involuntary to-and-fro eye movement).
Among other Septo-optic dysplasia symptoms are problems with the hormones, jaundice, seizures, disabilities in learning, mental retardation, delay in development an congenital problems.
Doctors look for the symptoms of this condition, as there is a chance that symptoms are caused by complication of the condition or an underlying condition. There are some medical conditions that are associated conditions with the risk factors of septo-optic dysplasia or other related conditions.
Treatment for septo-optic dysplasia is symptomatic. Hormone deficiencies may be treated with hormone replacement therapy. The optical problems associated with SOD are generally not treatable. Vision, physical, and occupational therapies may be required.
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