There is no cure for restless leg syndrome (RLS) but the symptoms can be treated. The aim of treatment is to relieve symptoms. Treatment includes lifestyle changes, supplements, treatment of associated conditions and medications.
RLS can be caused due to other problems such as peripheral neuropathy or diabetes. Treatment of the underlying condition can improve the symptoms of RLS.
Certain lifestyle changes such as decreased intake of caffeine, alcohol, and tobacco can improve the symptoms in case of mild to moderate RLS. People with RLS are advised to maintain a regular sleep pattern, do moderate exercises, massage the legs, take hot baths, or use heating pads or ice packs. These can improve sleep and symptoms of RLS.
Iron, folate and magnesium supplements to correct deficiencies can decrease RLS symptoms.
Medications are usually helpful but they are recommended if supplements, lifestyle changes and treatment of any associated condition do not decrease the symptoms. There is no one single medication that is effective for all people with RLS. You may have to try different drugs before the one that is effective is found. Medications on regular use tend to lose their efficacy over time, and hence change of medication is needed periodically.
Some of the commonly prescribed drugs to treat RLS include:
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