A group of neuromuscular disease, the mitochondrial disease is basically caused by damage to the intracellular structures which help to produce energy.
The symptoms are found to be muscle contractions which are weak or at times spontaneous. Now what we call the mitochondrial myopathies are a group of neuromuscular diseases which are caused to these mitochondria. Mitochondrion is an energy producing small structure that could be called the cells’ power plants. Your nerve cells located in the brain and the muscles happen to require great amount of energy. This then appears to be very damaging when the dysfunction of mitochondria occurs. Kearns-Sayre syndrome, Myoclonus epilepsy with ragged-red fibers, and mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes, happen to be some of the common mitochondrial myopathies.
Common symptoms that are associated with mitochondrial myopathies usually include, muscle weakness, or exercise intolerance, heart failure or rhythm disturbances, movement disorders, stroke like episodes, deafness, blindness, droopy eyelids, limited mobility of the eyes, vomiting and seizures. Such disorders range from being progressive weakness which may lead to death. It has been found that most of the mitochondrial myopathies happen to occur before a person reaches the age of 20. Usually the disturbances begin with exercise intolerance or muscle weakness. When a person suffering from the disease does any sort of physical activity, the muscles happen to become easily fatigued or weak. Muscle cramping however, is a rare thing to happen, but you cannot over rule this completely. Also, nausea, headache and breathlessness happen to be associated with the disorders.
There is no specific treatment for the mitochondrial myopathies, but it is true that the physical therapies could help with the movements of the muscles and also improve the dexterity. Also, patients are often prescribed to vitamin therapies such as riboflavin, coenzyme Q, and also carnitine which is basically a specialized amino acid. This could potentially improve the fatigue and also the energy levels in a few patients. The response to the treatment is completely subjective; it varies from patient to patient.
Numerous researchers are still working to find specific treatments for the disease. Here it is important to understand the disorders in depth and also to dins some ways in which it could be treated, prevented, and most importantly to find a potential cure for them.
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