The treatment of kidney stones is based on the based on the type, size, location and cause. As most stones are small and can pass through the urinary tract on their own, watchful waiting is the most common treatment. If a stone is big and does not pass on its own, your doctor may suggest minimally invasive procedures to remove the stone. Read to know more on treatment of kidney stones.
Most stones (about 85%) are small and they pass through the urinary tract during urination usually within 72 hours after the symptoms start. If you have symptoms due to the stone, your doctor after evaluation will advise you to drink plenty of water (as much as 2 to 3 quarts per day), stay physically active, take pain relieving medicines if required and wait for the stone to pass. You may be prescribed medicines to facilitate the passage of the stone by relaxing the ureter.
If the stone is small enough to pass without medical treatment, your doctor may advise you to urinate through a strainer, so the stone can be retrieved. This can help to analyse the stone for its mineral composition, further treatment and suggestions for preventive measures.
Watchful waiting is not recommended if you have symptoms suggestive of urinary tract infection, fever, and severe pain that that cannot be controlled by pain medication, or persistent nausea and vomiting.
If the stone is too large to pass on its own through the urinary tract, your doctor may recommend surgical treatment. Some other reasons to influence the decision towards surgical treatment include bleeding, kidney damage or ongoing urinary tract infections due to the stone.
The minimally invasive surgical treatments which are done for stone removal are:
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