Hematuria is the presence of blood in the urine. Blood in urine is usually a sign of a serious medical condition; however, it shouldn't be ignored. It is advised that all the cases of hematuria should be evaluated by a doctor.
The cause of hematuria decides its treatment. Those with exercise-related hematuria do not need any treatment other than modification of exercise programs. Drug-related hematuria improves only if patients stop taking the medication that caused it. Infection-related hematuria can be treated with antibiotics.
Hematuria related to strenuous exercise can be prevented by switching to a less-intense exercise program. Other forms of hematuria can be prevented by making lifestyle modifications that foster a healthy urinary tract.
Hematuria related to exercise, medication, kidney stones, urinary tract infection or prostatitis have an excellent outlook for complete recovery. Most children and adults with hematuria recover completely when the illness is mild or if it develops after a strep infection. If illness is severe, disease may lead to chronic kidney failure.
The outlook depends on the stage and type of tumour for people with kidney or bladder cancer. Early diagnosis and treatment of kidney or bladder tumour has higher chances of recovery.
Those with haemophilia may have repeated bleeding episodes (including bleeding into joints, internal organs and other parts of the body), but the recent advances has achieved a near-normal lifespan for patients.
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