A person with diabetes is overthrown with a lot of medical problems that may be physical as well as mental in nature. One of the most prominent of the physical problems is diabetic foot.
It is important that a person with diabetes take due care of his/her feet as he/she is most likely to feet problems. According to Clinical Key, people with diabetes are 25 times more likely to lose a leg compared with those without the condition. It is therefore, important good care of your feet. Below are some important tips on how to treat diabetic foot.
Self-care for Diabetic Foot
Examine each foot closely: because it takes only a thorn to sting and create massive problems for you, keep a tab on your feet every day. Closely examine it for any minor or major traumas. To prevent dry skin as well as cracking, use a mild, water-based moisturiser ever day. Also, wear wool or cotton socks. Avoid wearing elastic socks as they can impair blood circulation in and around the feet.
Trim the toenail: cut your nails with a clipper and never a scissor. Remember to cut them straight across. If you have trouble trimming the nails because of poor vision, request your doctor or a trained family member to do it for you.
Watch out for the type of footwear you wear: make sure that you wear comfortable, sturdy shoes whenever you are stepping out. Make sure the shoes fit you perfectly and are not too tight or lose. To know the size of the shoes that are likely to fit you, speak with a podiatrist for recommendations on the size of the shoe or prefer shopping at shoe stores that specialise in helping diabetics purchase fitting shoes.
Quit smoking: if you smoke tobacco, it is better to quit as doing so can help you to prevent the development of feet problems. Smoking makes further damage to the blood vessels, especially the small ones, which can lead to poor blood circulation. It is important to note that poor blood circulation in diabetics can lead to foot infections and even amputations.
Eliminate any obstacles: remove or move any items you are likely to bump the feet on. Keep any clutter lying on the floor from touching your feet. Also, remember to keep the pathways that you often use such as the one to the washroom lit so you do not tremble on or hit something.
Control your blood sugar: keep your blood sugar levels under control, take your medications on time, eat a reasonable and balanced diet preferably one that is recommended by your personal dietician, maintain good level of communication with your physician and maintain your weight. If you take care of your feet regularly and for a long period of time, you are likely to reduce the risk of damaging your nerves, eyes, blood vessels and kidneys.
Medical Treatment for Diabetic Foot
Antibiotics: one of the first things that a doctor recommends upon diagnosing a wound, ulcer or a wound that has a high risk of becoming infection like a cat bite, is an antibiotic. It is important for the patient to take the medication for the prescribed number of days.
How to Prepare
• Tell your doctor right away about any foot problems.
• Your doctor should do a complete foot exam every year.
• Ask your doctor to look at your feet at each diabetes check-up.
• To make sure your doctor checks your feet, take off your shoes and socks before your doctor comes into the room.
• Ask your doctor to check how well the nerves in your feet sense feeling.
• Ask your doctor to check how well blood is flowing to your legs and feet.
• Ask your doctor to show you the best way to trim your toenails. Ask what lotion or cream to use on your legs and feet.
• If you cannot cut your toenails or you have a foot problem, ask your doctor to send you to a foot doctor. A doctor who cares for feet is called a podiatrist.
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