Dandy-Walker syndrome involves a congenital brain malformation of the cerebellum and the fluid-filled spaces around it. Cerebellum is an area at the back of the brain that controls movement.
The cause for this syndrome is unknown in most cases while in others it is known to have resulted from autosomal recessive genes, meaning, getting an abnormal gene on one of the autosomal chromosomes from each parent.
The treatment for Dandy-Walker syndrome usually consists of treating the problem associated with the syndrome, if required. A surgical procedure which is called a shunt may be needed to drain off the extra fluid from the brain. This will help is lessening the intracranial pressure and prevent swelling. The parents of children suffering from Dandy-Walker syndrome can also benefit from the genetic counseling if they are aiming at having more children.
The symptoms of Dandy-Walker syndrome are usually seen in early infancy stage and can include the following:
In older children, symptoms of increased intracranial pressure include:
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Read more on Dandy-Walker Syndrome.
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