Cervical cancer is a slow-growing cancer in women, which originates from the tissues between the uterus and the vagina. It is the second most leading cancer form that affects women, after breast cancer. According to the American Cancer Society, the factors that elevate the risk of cervical cancer include early sexual activity, multiple sex partners, having many children and smoking.
When it comes to cervical cancer, treatment options differ widely on the basis of the stage of the cancer, medical equipment that the hospital has and also on the skill set of the doctor overseeing the treatment. Below are some ways in which cancer is treated.
Chemotherapy: this type of treatment does not use surgery to kill the tumour but medicines in the form of pills. Systematic chemotherapy is done where the medicines are put into the blood through the veins. Other chemotherapy procedures include injections, applying of certain creams and use of pills and capsules. Usually used as the main treatment method, it can also be done post hysterectomy. Chemotherapy is most loathed by patients because of the side-effects and changes in appearance that it leads to.
Surgery: this is done to remove the whole of the tumourous growth from the affected area. The type of surgery that is needed depends on its location, how far the tumour has grown and whether you want to have children in the future or not. Hysterectomy is one of the methods used for the treatment of the cancerous cells where the entire uterus (including the vagina) of the woman is removed. This is usually done in stage 1A of the cancer.
Radiation Therapy: this treatment uses high dose of X-rays or implants to kill cancer cells in the vaginal cavity. This treatment is not used for all stages of cervical cancer, but only certain ones. This type of treatment is used in combination with surgery.
Changes in the cervical cells can be treated early on, helping one to reduce the risk for cervical cancer. Other general changes in cells can also be reduced. Some preventive measures include the following.
Pap test schedule is based on age and factors that increase the risk of cervical cancer. Most women should try to take a Pap test every 1 to 3 years. The best person to tell you the number of times that you should take a Pap test is the doctor.
If you are 26 or younger, you can easily get the HPV vaccine, which offers protecting against the two types of HPV that can cause cervical cancer. Speak to your doctor to know the amount and type of dosage that you should take for treatment.
Cell changes in the cervix are highly likely to occur in a woman who smokes or breathes in second hand smoke. While quitting smoking may not really ward the possibility of cervical cancer off, it can definitely reduce the risk.
Cervical cancer is a common type of cancer occurring among women that is most often diagnosed much later when treatment fails to do much to heal. So, follow the preventive measures today for a safer tomorrow.
Read more articles on Cervical Cancer Treatment.