Campylobacteriosis is an infection by one of several species of Campylobacter bacteria, particularly Campylobacter jejuni ( C. jejuni). This infection typically causes diarrhoea. The infection also can cause fever and abdominal cramps.
Young adults also are at higher risk of infection, possibly because they have less experience cooking and handling raw meats and may therefore be exposed more often to potentially contaminated foods. Also, most healthy people probably develop some degree of immunity against Campylobacter as they mature, so the number of cases of Campylobacter infection in middle-aged and older adults is fairly low.
Campylobacter germs (bacteria) are commonly found in raw meat, particularly raw poultry such as chicken, turkey, etc. Cooking meat thoroughly usually kills the bacteria. They may also be found in unpasteurised milk or untreated water (including ice cubes made from untreated water).
The first goal in treating Campylobacter-related diarrhoea is to replace lost body fluids and electrolytes (chemical substances involved in many body processes). If you have severe diarrhoea, you may be at risk of developing dehydration. To treat your dehydration, your doctor will prescribe oral or intravenous (IV) fluids. Because Campylobacter infections are usually self-limited, your doctor may not treat you with an antibiotic if you are otherwise healthy.
Antibiotic treatment is usually necessary in the following situations:
C. jejuni infections respond to a variety of antibiotics.
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