Vertigo is the sensation which makes you feel that either your body or your environment is moving (usually spinning). Vertigo can be a symptom of many different illnesses and disorders.
Vertigo is not a medical condition but a symptom itself. It is characterised by the unwanted sensation of dizziness. A person feels like someone is pulling him/her from side to side. Peripheral vestibular system disorders is the most common cause of vertigo.
Vertigo is often aggravated with certain movements of the head or when a person lies down. Medical conditions such as Meniere's disease can trigger vertigo, characterised by a ringing in the ears, hearing loss or pressure in the ears.
The symptoms of vertigo depend on its cause. The common symptoms of vertigo include:
One may feel out of balance suddenly with an attack of vertigo. You can lose your balance and fall. Some may feel that body is spinning or whirling, even when they are still. The feeling may cause difficulty in walking safely.
The symptoms of vertigo are often accompanied by muscle aches, headaches, light sensitivity and fatigue. You are advised to consult with your doctor immediately when you experience any of these symptoms.
When a vertigo attack hits you, reach a bed or something that you can hold on to. If there is nothing around, move slowly. This will help reduce the feelings of motion.
Keep your head upright and lie down slowly. Keep your head still as lying flat tends to make spinning sensations worse.
Be seated until the vertigo attack passes and you have restored your balance.
Vertigo can be a debilitating condition for those who suffer from it. There are several underlying medical conditions which cause vertigo. The treatment of vertigo is focused on treating the underlying condition causing it. There are exercise therapies that are designed to minimise dizziness but the effectiveness of those depend on various factors such as patient’s age, overall health, cognitive function and severity of the condition.
If the symptoms persist and reappear often, it may be a serious underlying condition. Visit a physician if you have frequent or extended attacks of vertigo. He/she will be able to diagnose the underlying cause of the vertigo and decide on your treatment plan.
Read more articles on Vertigo.
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