Diarrhea is the main symptom of short bowel syndrome. Diarrhea can lead to dehydration, malnutrition, and weight loss. These problems can be severe and can cause death without proper treatment.
Other symptoms may include
• weakness and fatigue
Specific nutrient deficiencies may occur depending on what sections of the small intestine were removed or are not functioning properly. Sites of nutrient absorption in the small intestine are
• the duodenum, the first section of the small intestine, where iron is absorbed
• the jejunum, the middle section of the small intestine, where carbohydrates, proteins, fat, and vitamins are absorbed
• the ileum, the last section of the small intestine, where bile acids and vitamin B12 are absorbed.
People with short bowel syndrome are also at risk for developing food sensitivities.
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