The signs and symptoms of kidney stones depend on the size of stone, location of the stone and certain associated factors. Some kidney stones may not cause any symptoms (known as silent stones), whereas others can cause sudden onset of excruciating, cramping pain in the lower back and/or in the side, groin, or abdomen. [Read: What is the Treatment of Kidney Stones?]
Some of the symptoms of kidney stones are:
The pain occurs in waves as the body tries to unblock the obstruction caused by the stone. This type of pain is called colic as opposed to non-colicky type pain, (pain of appendicitis or pancreatitis) in which movement increases pain so the patient tries to remain still. The term renal colic is used to describe the pain when a kidney stone is being passed.
Blood may be present in the urine as the stone can irritate the kidney or ureter. There are many other causes of blood in the urine (haematuria) besides kidney stones such as kidney and bladder infections, trauma, or tumours.
If there is an associated infection in the urinary tract along with the stones, you may have fever and chills.
Kidney stones can lead to difficulty in urination, urinary urgency and penile or testicular pain.
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