If blood clots form too easily, it is known as excessive blood clotting. It happens because of the low blood flow in the blood vessels. Among other reasons for excessive blood clotting include problems with the blood and blood vessel defects. Irrespective of the cause, blood clots can limit or block blood flow and become fatal.
Excessive blood clotting can be acquired or genetic. Acquired blood clotting occurs because of another disease, condition, or factor triggers the condition. The acquired causes of excessive blood clotting include smoking, overweight and obesity and being unable to move around much. On the other hand, blood clotting is genetic when it’s caused by a faulty gene.
Signs and symptoms of excessive blood clotting depend on where the clots form. For example, symptoms of a blood clot in the heart or lungs may include chest pain, shortness of breath, and upper body discomfort in the arms, back, neck, or jaw. These symptoms may suggest heart attack or pulmonary embolism (PE).
Blood clot in the legs - Signs and symptoms of a blood clot in the deep veins of the leg may include pain, redness, warmth, and swelling in the lower leg. These signs and symptoms may suggest deep vein thrombosis (DVT).
Blood clot in the brain - Signs and symptoms of a blood clot in the brain may include headaches, speech changes, paralysis (an inability to move), dizziness, and trouble speaking and understanding. These signs and symptoms may suggest a stroke.
If you have any of these signs or symptoms, call your doctor right away. The cause of the blood clot(s) needs to be found and treated as soon as possible. You may need emergency care.
Many people who have excessive blood clotting can successfully manage it. The treatment for excessive blood clotting depends on the cause of the blood clots, how severe they are, and how well they can be managed. Medicines that thin the blood are used as routine treatment for blood clotting problems. If blood clots are life-threatening, people must take these medicines for the rest of their lives.
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