Bruxism is a condition where you start grinding, gnashing and clenching your teeth. A person with bruxism may unconsciously clench the teeth together during the day, or clench or grind them at night a situation which is known as sleep bruxism.
Sleep bruxism disorder is associated with a sleep-related movement. People who tend to clench or grind their teeth during sleep are more likely to have other sleep disorders as well such as snoring and pauses in breathing.
Howevr, mild bruxism may not require treatment.But bruxism can be frequent and severe to cause jaw disorders, headaches, damaged teeth and other problems for some people.People who have bruxism may not be aware of it until they develop complications. Therefore it is important to know about the signs and symptoms of bruxism for proper dental care.
Grinding or clenching of teeth
flattened, fractured, chipped or loose teeth
Worn tooth enamel, exposing deeper layers of your tooth
Increased tooth sensitivity
soreness, jaw and face pain
Tight and tired jaw muscles
Damage from chewing on the inside of your cheek
Indentations on your tongue
The exact causes of bruxism are not known. But some possible physical or psychological causes may include:
• Anxiety, stress, anger, frustration or tension
• Aggressive, competitive or hyperactive personality type
• Abnormal alignment of upper and lower teeth
• Sleep apnea
• Stomach acid reflux into the esophagus
• An uncommon side effect of some psychiatric medications, such as phenothiazines or certain antidepressants
• Complication resulting from a disorder such as Huntington's disease or Parkinson's disease
The treatment aims at reducing the pain, preventing permanent damage to the teeth and reducing clenching of teeth as much as possible.
Bruxism is not a dangerous disorder. But it can lead to permanent damage to the teeth and uncompartable jaw pain and headaches.