Many babies who develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) are born with serious respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). The signs and symptoms of RDS at birth are:
Babies who have RDS are treated with surfactant replacement therapy. They also may get oxygen therapy (oxygen given through nasal prongs, a mask, or a breathing tube). Shortly after birth, some babies who have RDS also are put on machines to help them breathe, such as nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) or ventilators.
Most babies who have RDS start to get better within 2 to 4 weeks of their births. However, some babies get worse and need more oxygen and/or breathing support from NCPAP or a ventilator.
A first sign of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is when premature infants—usually those born more than 10 weeks before their due dates—still need oxygen therapy by the time they reach their original due dates. These babies are diagnosed with BPD.
Infants who have severe BPD may have trouble feeding and delayed growth because they can't get enough calories. These babies also may develop:
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