Abdominal adhesions are the fibrous bands that form between tissues and organs, often as a result of injury during surgery. In most patients, adhesions do not immediately cause health problems. In some cases, the fibrous bands of scar tissue block the intestines either completely or partially. The blockage is referred to as ‘bowel obstruction’ and it maybe life threatening in a few cases.
Mostly abdominal adhesions go unnoticed as it does not cause any symptoms. The most common symptom is chronic abdominal or pelvic pain. Adhesions that partially block the intestine from time to time can cause intermittent bouts of cramping and abdominal pain.
A medical site stated that the more significant intestinal obstructions can cause the following symptoms:
If the bowel becomes strangulated, then the patient typically develops severe abdominal pain, which can be either recurring or constant. The abdomen becomes distended and tender, when touched even lightly.
The American based National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NDDIC) states that no tests are available to diagnose adhesions, and also that the adhesions cannot be seen through imaging techniques, such as x-rays or ultrasound. They also note that currently, surgery is the only way to break adhesions that cause pain, intestinal obstruction, or fertility problems.
It is important to visit a health care professional, if you experience severe abdominal pain, especially if you also have a fever, nausea and vomiting, or infrequent bowel movements.
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