Pregnancy is divided into 3 stages, which are commonly referred to as ‘trimesters of pregnancy’. Each stage of pregnancy brings new changes in a woman and the growing baby.
First stage or trimester of pregnancy starts from 1st until 14th week. In this stage of pregnancy, there is no obvious dramatic change in the woman's body though many physical changes may take place due to a surge of pregnancy hormones.
According to the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), US - fatigue, nausea, vomiting, food cravings, headaches, morning sickness, frequent urination, swelling and tender breasts are common pregnancy symptoms during first trimester.
Within a few weeks, the baby starts transforming from a mere mass of cell to identifiable human foetus. Vital organs of the baby start developing from this stage.
It is important to get essential vitamins, minerals and nutrients for growth and development of the unborn baby. Pregnant women must consult the doctor to keep a track of their pregnancy and discuss things that need to be taken or avoided.
Second stage or trimester of pregnancy is considered to be the easiest stage for pregnant women. It lasts until the 7th month of pregnancy. Most of the symptoms experienced in the first stage of pregnancy either subside or go off completely, however, this trimester has its own symptoms that arise due to the growth of the baby i.e. the mother may begin to experience a shortness of breath, sensitivity in breast, dizziness, pain and muscle ache.
The baby continues to grow i.e. starts blinking its eyes, begins to kick and move inside the uterus etc. Experts suggest that women should increase the intake of calcium during this time to facilitate the growth of the baby’s skeleton system.
Third stage or trimester of pregnancy lasts until childbirth and is considered to be the most difficult stage for a pregnant woman. By this trimester, your baby would have fully grown in size and weight thereby, making you feel tired more frequently than before. In addition to physical discomfort, women undergo many emotional changes. At this stage of pregnancy, most pregnant women become anxious about childbirth.
By now the organs and respiratory system of the baby are fully matured; the baby continues to grow by adding layers of fats.
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