Today, due to a change in lifestyle, the age group when diabetes would strike has gone down to young adults. Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age but it is most often diagnosed in children, adolescents, or young adults. With type 1 diabetes, beta cells produce little or no insulin.
The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown. Most likely it is an autoimmune disorder. This is a condition that occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys healthy body tissue. With type 1 diabetes, an infection or another trigger causes the body to mistakenly attack the cells in the pancreas that make insulin. The tendency to develop autoimmune diseases, including type 1 diabetes, can be passed down through families.
High blood sugar: The following symptoms may be the first signs of type 1 diabetes. Or they may occur when blood sugar is high.
For other people, these serious warning symptoms may be the first signs of diabetes. Or, they may happen when blood sugar is very high (diabetic ketoacidosis):
Low blood sugar: Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) can develop quickly in people with diabetes who are taking insulin. Symptoms usually appear when a person's blood sugar level falls below 70 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). Watch for:
If you have just been diagnosed with diabetes, you may need to have a checkup each week until you have good control over your blood sugar.
As your diabetes becomes more stable, you will have fewer follow-up visits. Visiting your doctor is very important so you can monitor any long-term problems from diabetes.
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