A condition in which fissures develop in the tongue which can make it look winkled is called scrotal tongue. There are few other names given to the condition which are like furrowed tongue, lingua fissurata, lingua plicata, lingua scrotalis, plicated tongue or grooved tongue. There can be occurrence of many fissures or a single groove down the middle of the tongue with fissures branching off from it. Scrotal tongue has affected a population of between 1 to 5 percent in the United States and 21 percent worldwide.
Usually the condition is present at the time of birth but it comes into notice only when a person gets older. The symptoms of the condition get more noticeable when a person ages. The condition sometimes occurs as result of infection or malnutrition. Also, people with conditions Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome, Down syndrome, and benign migratory glossitis, or geographic tongue are most vulnerable.
This is a harmless condition as usually has no symptoms. Sometimes the fissures get so deep that eating spicy or acidic foods like vinegar or salt can cause a burning sensation, but this condition takes place rarely. If the fissures are deep enough, they may harbor colonies of bacteria or debris from food, causing bad breath or fungal infections of the tongue.
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