A scalp cyst is identical to a cyst that occurs on any other part of the body, which appears like a pimple and typically occurs when a hair follicle in the scalp becomes infected.
Scalp cysts are just like any other lumps that can occur at any part of the body. They vary in size and texture and are harmless. Removal of these lumps can be done by a simple medical procedure but it has a tendency to come back.
A scalp cyst is a sac that can be filled with air, fluid or tissue. A cyst on scalp can range in size and shape and are usually benign. They may bleed or leak keratin, a whitish-colored fluid, similar in appearance and texture to pus. If ignored, scalp cysts can become very large and cause hair loss and other problems.
There could be several things that might cause a scalp cyst. Some people are genetically predisposed to scalp cysts while others get it because of the excess oil on the scalp. As a result of oily scalp, the follicles can become blocked and a cyst may form on scalp.
Those who scratch their heads frequently are at greater risk of the development of scalp cyst. With the excessive scratching, one may sometimes injure hair follicles. Moreover, a sudden increase in testosterone levels is also linked to the incidence of scalp cysts.
Diagnosis and medical assistance
If you figure out or have a doubt that there is a cyst on your scalp, you must see a doctor immediately. A biopsy of the tissue can diagnose whether or not a cyst is benign or not. After a biopsy, you will be able to discuss the treatment options. If you make yourself aware about the various types of scalp cysts and what are the treatment options do you have and any side-effects or warnings to deal with the condition.
Most of the time scalp cysts are fairly small in size and go away without any medical treatment. But these may grow over a period of several years under the skin. If you notice that your cyst has enlarged substantially over just a few months, see a doctor. You should always consult your doctor to make sure it is a cyst and nothing serious.
Treatment and prevention
As of now, there is no known way to prevent scalp cysts but one should make efforts to control oil in the scalp and shouldn’t do too much head scratching. The treatment of scalp cyst is its removal by surgery. If a cyst grows larger than 5 cm, become infected or ruptures, surgical removal should be done immediately.
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