Sydenham chorea (SD) is a disorder of the neurons which occurs in the childhood as a result of infection via Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus (GABHS). The GABHS is responsible for causing rheumatic fever. The characteristics of SD include rapid, irregular and aimless involuntary movements of the arms and legs, trunk and facial muscles. The condition effects girls more than boys and usually occurs between 5 and 15 years of age. In some cases, sore throat can be experienced before the symptoms begin but, the disorder can also strike up to 6 months after the fever or infection is cleared.
A specific treatment for SD is yet to be established. People who suffer from mildest form of the condition, bed rest is advisable for them. When the severity of movements starts to interfere with rest, sedative drugs are required.
In most cases, recovery is made completely from SD. However, a small number of patients continue suffering from disabilities, persistent chorea despite treatment. The duration of the symptoms start occurring generally from 3 to 6 weeks but in some children the symptoms last for several months. There are cardiac complications in some cases, usually in the form of endocarditis.
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