An inflammation of one or both parotid glands, which are the major salivary glands located on either side of the humans, is known as parotitis.
The infectious parotitis the following symptoms occur:
Acute bacterial parotitis. A progressive painful swelling of the gland and fever is reported. Chewing intensifies the pain.
Acute viral parotitis (mumps). Pain and swelling of the gland which lasts 5-9 days occur. Moderate malaise, anorexia and fever take place. Bilateral involvement is present in most cases.
HIV parotitis. Swelling which is without pain occurs in the gland or the patient is asymptomatic.
Parotitis in tuberculosis. Chronic nontender swelling occurs in one parotid gland or a lump is noticed within the gland. Symptoms of tuberculosis can be found in some cases.
In very rare cases hospitalization of the patients takes place. The condition may arise in people who are severely ill which can be treated.
Image courtesy: stuedeli.net/meded.ucsd.edu
Read more on Parotitis Diagnosis and Prognosis.
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