Osteoporosis is a condition in which the bones become so fragile that a mild injury or even a little stress like coughing can cause fracture. These fractures mostly occur in bones located in the hip, wrist, or spine.
Bone which is a living tissue keeps being absorbed and replaced and when the process of new bone formation and removal of old bone does not take place properly, it leads to osteoporosis.
During the early stages of osteoporosis, there are no significant signs seen. However, once the bones become very weak the following symptoms are seen:
The bones which are living tissue keep renewing and a new bone is supposed to replace an old bone. In youngsters the process of renewal is faster than the process of removal therefore the bone mass is seen to increase. People in their 20s have the highest bone mass and as they age the bone mass is lost quickly.
The development of osteoporosis depends partially on how much bone mass was developed during young age. The higher the bone mass the less likely you are to develop osteoporosis.
The prognosis for patients with osteoporosis depends on the bone which has been fractured. Also, when the treatment is started as soon as the bone disease is detected the results are better.
Hip fractures can be dangerous for elderly people. Around 20 per cent of the people who experience hip fracture die within one year. Only one-third of hip fracture patients are able to regain their lost function after the fracture.
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Read more on Osteoporosis Diagnosis and Prognosis.