Glossopharyngeal neuralgia is an irritation of the ninth cranial nerve causing extreme pain in the back of the throat, tongue and ear. This nerve supplies sensation to the back of the throat and tongue and portions of the ear.
When the glossopharyngeal nerve irritates, you experience an attack of intense electric shock-like pain in the back of the throat, tongue, tonsil or ear. You may initially experience short, mild attacks, with periods of remission. But neuralgia can progress, causing longer, frequent attacks of searing pain.
The first line treatment for Glossopharyngeal Neuralgia is pharmacological. The anticonvulsant medications, including the seizure medications oxcarbazepine, carbamazepine, gabapentin, and pregabalin are all appropriate choices. Some antidepressants can also be helpful either alone or in combination with the seizure medications. If these medications are ineffective or have intolerable side effects, a variety of other medications may be used.
How well you do depends on the cause of the problem and the effectiveness of the first treatment. Surgery is considered effective for people who do not benefit from medications.
There can some complications associated with this ailment. Slow pulse and fainting may occur when pain is severe. Medications used to treat this condition can have side effects.
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