What is Opsoclonus Myoclonus?

By  ,  Onlymyhealth editorial team
Dec 08, 2014

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Quick Bites

  • Opsoclonus myoclonus is a rare neurological disorder.
  • Speaking and poorly articulated speech are its symptoms.
  • Treatment includes use of corticosteroids.
  • The prognosis depends on symptoms.

What is Opsoclonus Myoclonus?

A rare neurological disorder which shows symptoms like an unsteady, trembling gait, myoclonus (brief, shock-like muscle spasms) and opsoclonus (irregular, rapid eye movements) is known as opsoclonus myoclonus. There are other symptoms like difficulty speaking, poorly articulated speech or an inability to speak. In some cases decrease in muscle tone, lethargy, irritability and vague feeling of discomfort may also be felt. Opsoclonus myoclonus may take place in association with tumours or viral infections. It usually occurs in children who suffer from tumours.

Opsoclonus Myoclonus

Treatment for Opsoclonus Myoclonus

The treatment for opsoclonus myoclonus can include corticosteroids or adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). When there is a tumour found in a patient, the treatments like chemotherapy, surgery or radiation may be required.

Opsoclonus Myoclonus

Prognosis for Opsoclonus Myoclonus

The prognosis for opsoclonus myoclonus can vary depending on the symptoms and the presence and treatment of tumours. When the underlying cause of the disorder is treated, it can improve the symptoms. Although the disorder is not fatal but the symptoms can sometimes recur without warning.

Image courtesy: Getty Images

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