Pain in the neck and shoulder area can be caused by several diseases. Some individuals can have only neck pain or only shoulder pain, while others may complaint of pain in both the areas. The neck and shoulders have several muscles, bones, nerves, arteries, veins, ligaments and other supporting structures.
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Diagnosing the exact cause of your neck and shoulder pain can be difficult at times owing to a wide range of possible causes. Your doctor will take a complete medical history and do a thorough physical exam to diagnose the underlying condition. Medical history may include questions regarding location of the pain, time and pattern of the pain, history of injury and any other associated symptoms such as numbness, feeling cold in the hand.
Diagnostic tests that may be performed to diagnose the underlying cause of pain include:
Your doctor will prepare a treatment plan after a complete history and physical examination (and any tests, if indicated). Treatment of all the underlying causes cannot be detailed here as the treatment for a simple strain is far different from treatment of heart attack. The appropriate treatment to relieve pain that may be helpful in all the conditions is given below. If you have a minor injury, sprain or strain, then a combination of the following treatments may be helpful.
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