Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS) is a childhood neurological disorder characterized by the sudden or gradual development of aphasia (the inability to understand or express language) and an abnormal electro-encephalogram (EEG).
The syndrome affects the parts of the brain that control comprehension and speech. The disorder usually occurs in children between the ages of 5 and 7 years. Children with the condition develop normally but then lose their language skills for no apparent reason. Some of the affected may have seizures, some do not.
Some of the treatment options available for LKS include surgery, medication, speech-language, dietary modifications and educational adaptations. Some of these are discussed below:
Medications - Medications may offer help to the affected, in the treatment of both language as well as epileptiform symptoms. Corticosteroids and antiepileptic drugs have been found to be successful in the reduction of seizures as well as in improving language in a significant percentage of children. Some do not respond to corticosteroids and antiepileptic drugs; they are recommended to go for intravenous immunoglobulin treatment.
Surgery - Surgical treatment is the option when the affected do not respond to medications. The treatment option may reduce seizures as well as improve congnitive abilities. The surgery helps to control seizures without many complications but still thought of as experimental by a lot of people.
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