Kleine-Levin syndrome is a rare disorder that primarily affects adolescent males. The condition is characterized by recurring but reversible periods of excessive sleep (up to 20 hours per day).
The symptoms of the condition last a few days, sometimes weeks. The episodes of Kleine-Levin syndrome are abrupt, and sometimes have flu-like symptoms. The common symptoms of Kleine-Levin syndrome are excessive food intake, irritability, childishness, disorientation, hallucinations, and an abnormally uninhibited sex drive.
Those affected with the disorder can be depressed as a consequence, but not a cause, of the disorder. Affected individuals are completely normal between episodes, and sometimes forget everything that happened during the episode. The episodes may not occur often and it may be weeks or more before symptoms reappear. Some of the sings will be related to malfunction of the hypothalamus and thalamus, parts of the brain that govern appetite and sleep.
As of now, there are no specific treatment or cure for the treatment of Kleine-Levin syndrome. This is the reason doctors recommend that one follow watchful waiting and seek relief through pharmacotherapy. In addition to that, stimulant pills are used for the treatment of sleepiness though a regular use of these may make one more irritable and hinder any improvement in cognitive abnormalities.
In some cases, medications are also advised to prevent the worsening of symptoms or the occurrence of episodes.
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Kleine-Levin syndrome (KLS) is a sleep disorder in which one experiences a persistent episodic hypersomnia and mood changes.read more
Kleine-Levin Syndrome is an extremely rare sleep disorder involving recurrent episodes of excessive sleepiness, lasting for a few days to even a few weeks.read more