Ischemic heart disease is narrowing of coronary arteries, the vessels that supply blood to the heart muscle. It is also known as Coronary Artery Disease (CAD).
It is generally caused due to the build-up of plaques in the arterial walls, a process known as atherosclerosis.
Atherosclerosis thickens and narrows the arterial walls, interfering with the blood flow and starving the heart of oxygen and vital nutrients it needs. This condition is called ischemia.
As a result, blood clots are formed on arterial walls roughened by plaque deposits and may block one or more coronary arteries completely and cause a heart attack.
Causes of Ischemia heart disease
Symptoms of Ischemic Heart Disease
The early stages of the disease might not show any symptoms. But the disease can be caused at a very young age, even in pre-teens. The fat builds up over time and injures the vessel walls where plaques will begin to collect.
Blood may form a clot around the plaque causing the artery to narrow, in an attempt to heal the troubled area. The process may lead to chest pain during physical activities or emotional stress due to the inhibited blood flow and oxygen.
A person should immediately seek medical help in case of:
When you call the ambulance, you may be advised to chew an aspirin to break up a possible blood clot. But keep in mind you do not have a medical reason not to chew it.
Prevention from Ischemic Heart Disease
Now that you know the risk factors and symptoms of CADs, you must reduce your chances of getting it. One can opt for some lifestyle changes to prevent the condition:
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