Dengue is an infectious mosquito-borne viral infection. Symptoms can range from mild fever, to incapacitating high fever, with severe headache, pain behind the eyes, muscle and joint pain, and rash. It is not transmitted directly from person-to-person.
Till date, there is no any specific treatment or vaccine for dengue.
While there is no prescribed diet for dengue, doctors suggest that dengue patients be given such food which can be easily digestible.
Here are a few diet tips that can help you to combat soon from the dengue fever:
- Fluids: People who have dengue fever should drink plenty of fuids throughout the day. Apart from drinking plenty of wtwr, take fruit juices, lime juice, coconut water. This will help wash the toxins away from the body in the form of urine. Fresh orange juice, which is filled with vitamins and energy, will help in digestion as well as promote antibodies for a speedy recovery.
- Green leafy vegetables: In order to fight the virus that affects the body, it is important that the patient eats a healthy diet with lots of fresh green leafy vegetables. However, oily and spicy food should be avoided.
- Papaya leaf extract: Juice prepared from crushed papaya and leaves is believed as one of the best home remedies for dengue fever treatment.
- High protein diet: Even after recovery, patients are asked to take high protein diet to restore all the resources of vitamins, minerals, proteins and fats in the body. Eating chicken, fish, eggs and other dairy products can help patients battle the virus fast.
Personal prophylatic measures to prevent dengue infection
- Close the windows at dawn and dusk (active mosquito times) to prevent mosquitoes from entering your house.
- Prefer to stay indoor in air-conditioned or well-screened houses.
- Wear protective clothing like long pants and long-sleeved shirts.
- Apply 10 to 30 percent concentration of DEET insect repellent on your exposed skin. Don't apply DEET on the hands of your young child or on infants younger than 2 months.
- Use mosquito repellent creams, liquids, coils, mats at home
- Use flying-insect spray to kill mosquitoes in dark, cool places like in closets, under beds, behind curtains, and in bathrooms.
- Use bednets preferably treated with an insecticide to prevent mosquito bite.
Measures for mosquito control around your home
- Remove the place where they live and breed (i.e. their habitat).
- Remove standing water from places where mosquitoes can breed like gutters, old tires, buckets, plastic covers or any other container
- Clear and change the water in coolers, pools, rain barrels, and potted plant trays at least once a week to eliminate possible mosquito habitats.
- Regularly treat and circulate the water in swimming pool
- Cover all stored water
Treatment at home if you develop dengue fever
- Drink plenty of fluids like oral rehydration solution, fresh juice, soups, coconut water. This will help to prevent dehydration due to vomiting and high fever.
- Take the medications prescribed by your doctor.
- Do not take aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen. These drugs increase the risk of bleeding complications.
- Do tepid sponging if the fever is high.
Remember that these are temporary measure. Seek medical attention immediately if you have:
- Bleeding from nose or gums, red spots or purplish patches on the skin.
- Blood in vomiting or black colored stools.
- Frequent vomiting, severe abdominal pain.
- Difficulty in breathing, lethargy, drowsiness, confusion or seizures.
- Pale, cold or clammy hands and feet.
Home care for dengue fever is simply supportive care. Good oral hydration, pain control with Tylenol (or other non-NSAIDs) is usually adequate treatment for most people.
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