Hallervorden-Spatz disease (HSD) is neurological disorder which is usually inherited. The disorder usually effects the movement. It is a rare disease and can worsen over time. The condition can also lead to death.
The condition is sometimes referred as pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegenration and is genetic disease. It is caused by an inherited defect which takes place in the pantothenate kinase 2 gene. It is the PANK2 protein that controls the formation of coenzyme A. This is the molecule which helps the body convert the fats, some amino acids and carbohydrates into energy.
If a person has a parent suffering from the condition, they may be at a risk of developing the condition. The disorder usually develops in the childhood and its late-onset may not be seen until adulthood.
HSD is also known as neurodegenration with brain iron accumulation. It can cause wide variety of symptoms that vary based on the severity of HSD and how long it takes taken to progress.
Other symptoms include:
There are some less common symptoms also:
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Read more on Understand Hallervorden-Spatz Disease.
Symptoms of Hallervorden Spatz Disease, which vary greatly among patients and usually develop during childhood, may include slow writhing, confusion, disorientation, seizures, stupor, and dementia.read more
Treatment for Hallervorden Spatz Disease is symptomatic and supportive, and may include physical or occupational therapy, exercise physiology, and/or speech pathology.read more