Filariasis is a disease caused by the parasite transmitted by blood-feeding arthropods, mainly black flies and mosquitoes.
Filariasis does not threaten your life but it can lead to a permanent damage to the lymphatic system. This infection shows up no symptoms in the initial stages thus, making people unaware of the disorder.
There are eight different thread-like nematodes that lead to filariasis. These include:
When a healthy person is bitten by an infected mosquito, the larvae called microfilariae move in the lymphatics and lymph nodes. They then start developing into adult worms and may stay for many years.
In the initial stages of filariasis, there can be no symptoms seen. This happens because the problems start after the adult worms die. Thickening of the skin and underlying tissues is the most common symptom of elephantiasis. Parts like arms, vulva, breasts and scrotum can be affected by the infection.
The most commonly used way to diagnose filariasis includes the following:
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