Vaginal yeast infections are also known as yeast vaginitis or vaginal candidiasis. It is a common infection in women and is caused due to increase in the number of Candida albicans. Candida albicans is normally present in the vagina. Itching and irritation of the vulva and vaginal area are the commonest symptoms of vaginal yeast infections or vaginal candidiasis. Yeast infections occur most commonly in premenopausal women (that is women who still have monthly periods) and it is infrequent in postmenopausal women and young girls before they start menstruating.
If you have symptoms of recurrent vaginal yeast infections, consult your doctor to ensure that the symptoms are not caused due to some other vaginal infection, allergic reaction or sensitivity, and eczema. Candida albicans is the commonest species of Candida that causes vaginal yeast infections. But persistent or recurrent infections may be caused due to infection with some other less common species of Candida, such as Candida glabrata or Candida krusei. Your doctor can do tests to identify the organism and recommend appropriate medications. The medications to treat Candida glabrata or Candida krusei are different from the medication for Candida albicans.
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