Gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD is a disorder of the digestive system which has an effect on the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) which is the ring of muscles located between the esophagus and stomach.
People experience burning sensation in the heart or acid indigestion due to GERD. The health care providers believe that the disease is caused due to a condition called hiatal hernia.
The diet which your eat everyday and your lifestyle techniques have a major role to play in triggering GERD. Some foods and beverages like chocolates, peppermint, fried or fatty foods can contribute to a very large extent in triggering the condition. Many studies have also shown that smoking can relax the LES.
Heartburn which is also known as acid indigestion is one of the most common symptoms of GERD. The patients experience a burning sensation in the chest accompanied with a pain. It begins behind the breastbone and keeps moving in upward direction towards neck and throat. The pain or burning sensation can last for 2 hours and can occur while eating. A person can also experience pain while lying down or while bending over.
When GERD is not treated for a long time it can cause serious troubles. The symptoms of the disorder can be cured within days of their occurrence. However, in some cases it can take weeks to lessen the effect of symptoms. The treatment for GERD continues for a long time.
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