Coagulation is a complex process by which the blood forms clots to block and then heal a lesion/wound/cut and stop the bleeding. However, your blood shouldn't clot when it's moving through your body inside your blood vessels. The tendency to clot too much is called hypercoagulation. It can be very dangerous.
Many factors can cause excessive blood clotting including certain diseases and conditions, genetic mutations and medicines. These causes fall into two categories: acquired and genetic.
Acquired means that excessive blood clotting was triggered by another disease or condition. Smoking, overweight and obesity, pregnancy, use of birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy, cancer, prolonged bed rest, or car or plane trips are a few examples.
The genetic, or inherited, source of excessive blood clotting is less common and is usually due to genetic defects. These defects usually occur in the proteins needed for blood clotting and can also occur with the substances that delay or dissolve blood clots.
Acquired and genetic sources of excessive blood clotting are not related but a person can have both.
Certain situations or risk factors can make it more likely for your blood to clot too much. These situations include the following:
If your doctor suspects you have hypercoagulation, tests can check the protein levels in your blood. The tests will also show if your proteins are working the way they should to properly clot your blood.
Complication of Excessive Blood Clotting
With medicines and ongoing care, many people who have excessive blood clotting can successfully manage it.
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