HbA1C test is done in people with diabetes. This test measures the amount of glycated hemoglobin present in your blood. Glycated hemoglobin is formed when blood sugar (glucose) attaches to hemoglobin present in your red blood cells. The test helps to identify the average concentration of glucose in your blood over prolonged periods of time (like the past 2-3 months).
In people with diabetes if the blood sugar is not well controlled the level of glycated hemoglobin or HbA1c in blood increases.
Based on the levels of HbA1C your diabetes control can be categorized as;
According to experts the higher the HbA1c level the higher is the risk of developing complications of diabetes such as:
According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) every percentage point decrease in HbA1C level (e.g., from 8% to 7%) reduces the risk of complications (such as eye, kidney and nerve disease) by about 40%.
Consult your doctor for the specific meaning of your test results.
Dr Poonam Sachdeva, our in-house medical expert talks about the why what and how in diabetes.
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