Diabetes has many complications like complications related to eyes, heart, kidneys etc. But the most common and threatening complication is a diabetic foot.
The maximum numbers of hospital admissions in diabetics are due to foot problems.
Causes of Diabetic Foot
High Sugar Levels
When sugar levels are high, the person is more prone for infections as sugar is a good medium for growth of bacteria due to which infections occur rapidly. Hence it is of prime importance to keep your blood sugar levels under control and avoid diabetes related complications.
Diabetes affects blood vessels thereby decreasing the lumen. This in turn decreases blood supply and absence of proper blood supply delays wound healing, necrosis and gangrene of the foot finally leading to amputations if prompt medical intervention is not provided.
Diabetic neuropathy is one of the most important and commonest causes of diabetic foot. 60 to 70% of diabetics suffer from neuropathy, many of which are asymptomatic. Diabetes affects nerves resulting in loss of sensations as a result of which patients do not feel the pain of minor wounds and tend to ignore minor infections, ulcers and pus formations which add to the problem which could finally lead to the limb being amputated.
The foot comprises of fat on the sole and a large number of tendons which traverse all the way to the leg upwards. As a patient keeps walking after developing an ulcer, it sooner or later gets infected, infection travels along these tendon sheath high up and away from the original foot infection. These infections if ignored or not treated promptly can become worse and can end up developing necrosis and gangrene of the affected toe or limb.
In people with diabetes a small foot problem can turn into serious complications. Some of the diabetes-related foot and leg problems include:
Precautions to Avoid Diabetic Foot
Following are the few simple tips for foot care:
Foot and lower limb problems in people with diabetes needs prompt and optimal treatment. If treatment of any problem of foot is delayed (even a minor cut or injury) it can become a serious complication which can cause loss of your foot, your leg, or your life.
If you note any problem in your feet, seek immediate help.
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