There are various of kinds of taste disorders out of which phantom taste perception is the most common type. In this a person tastes unpleasant even though there is nothing in the mouth. In some cases, the ability to taste sweet, sour, bitter, salty and umami is lost and this is known as hypogeusia.
Some people are unable to identify any taste and this condition is known as ageusia.
Same people are born with taste disorders but, some may develop it after an injury or illness. Other causes of taste disorder are:
Taste and smell disorders are diagnosed by an otolaryngologist who is a specialist of ear, nose, throat, head and neck. An otolaryngologist can diagnose the severity of the taste disorder by measuring the lowest concentration of different substances or by noting how the intensity of taste increases when a substance’s concentration is increased.
There are certain measures that you can take when you lose the sense of taste. Here some things that you can try:
Cook foods with a variety of colours and textures
Use aromatic herbs and hot spices to add more flavour but, avoid using more sugar or salt to foods
If possible add some small amount of cheese, bacon bits, butter, olive oil or toasted nuts on vegetables
Avoid combination dishes like casseroles that can dilute the taste
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Read more on Taste Disorder Diagnosis and Prognosis.
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