Pericoronitis is a dental disorder in which the gum tissues around the wisdom teeth and molars become swollen and infected.
Pericoronitis develops when wisdom teeth erupts partially, allowing an opening for the bacteria to enter around the tooth and cause an infection. When the food or plaque gets caught underneath a flap of gum around the tooth, it causes irritation in the gum and may also lead to pericoronitis. In severe form, the swelling and infection may extend beyond the jaw to the cheeks and neck.
The dentist will examine the wisdom teeth to see whether they are coming in or they are partially erupted. The dentist will take an x ray periodically to determine the ailment of the wisdom teeth. He may also take note of any symptoms and will check for the presence of a gum flap around a wisdom tooth.
If the condition is limited to tooth only, it can be treated by rising the mouth with warm salt water. You should also ensure that there is no food trapped under the gum flap.
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