Subscribe for daily wellness inspiration

Like onlymyhealth on Facebook!

What is the diagnosis of Hirschsprung Disease?

By  ,  National Institute of Health
Jan 07, 2013
4.8 / 5(4 Ratings)

To find out if a person has HD, the doctor will do one or more tests:

  • barium enema (BAR-ee-um EN-uh-muh) x ray
  • manometry (ma-NOM-eh-tree)
  • biopsy (BY-op-see)

Barium Enema X Ray


An x ray is a black-and-white picture of the inside of the body. The picture is taken with a special machine that uses a small amount of radiation. For a barium enema x ray, the doctor puts barium through the anus into the intestine before taking the picture. Barium is a liquid that makes the intestine show up better on the x ray.

 

In some cases, instead of barium another liquid, called Gastrografin, may be used. Gastrografin is also sometimes used in newborns to help remove a hard first stool. Gastrografin causes water to be pulled into the intestine, and the extra water softens the stool.

 

In places where the nerve cells are missing, the intestine looks too narrow. If a narrow large intestine shows on the x ray, the doctor knows HD might be the problem. More tests will help the doctor know for sure.

 

Other tests to diagnose HD are manometry and biopsy:

 

Manometry


The doctor inflates a small balloon inside the rectum. Normally, the anal muscle will relax. If it doesn't, HD may be the problem. This test is most often done in older children and adults.

 

Biopsy


This is the most accurate test for HD. The doctor removes and looks at a tiny piece of the intestine under a microscope. If the nerve cells are missing, HD is the problem.
The doctor may do one or all of these tests. It depends on the child.

 

Related Articles
4.8 / 5(4 Ratings)
Write a Review
Post a Comment
Disclaimer +
Though all possible measures have been taken to ensure accuracy, reliability, timeliness and authenticity of the information; Onlymyhealth assumes no liability for the same. Using any information of this website is at the viewers’ risk. Please be informed that we are not responsible for advice/tips given by any third party in form of comments on article pages . If you have or suspect having any medical condition, kindly contact your professional health care provider.