Your doctor will ask questions to rate the severity of your urinary symptoms. The doctor will do a digital rectal exam to feel the size, shape and consistency of the prostate gland. Usually, a sample of your urine will be examined for blood or evidence of infection.
The tests that are involved to ensure the enlargement of your gland are Digital Rectal Examination, Prostate Specific Antigen Blood Test, Rectal Ultrasound and Prostate Biopsy, Urine Flow Study and Cystoscopy. Special tests also can be done to evaluate the muscles and nerves in the bladder, especially if you are having trouble with leakage of urine.
Digital Rectal Examination – This is the first test that is usually done, where the doctor inserts a gloved finger into the rectum and feels the part of the prostate next to the rectum. This is basically to give the doctor an idea of the size of the gland.
Prostate Specific Antigen Blood Test – PSA blood test can be recommended by your doctor so as to rule out the possibility of cancer as a cause of urinary symptoms.
Rectal Ultrasound and Prostate Biopsy – When there lies a suspicion with prostate cancer, your doctor will then recommend a rectal ultrasound test. In this method a probe is inserted in the rectum that then directs sound waves at the prostate. An image is formed of the prostate gland on the display screen by the echo pattern of the sound waves.
Urine Flow Study: You are required to urinate on a special device and if the urine flow is slow then the disease is suspected.
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