What are the complications of Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome?

By  ,  National Institute of Health
Dec 28, 2012

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The severe vomiting that defines CVS is a risk factor for several complications:

  • Dehydration - Vomiting causes the body to lose water quickly. Dehydration can be severe and should be treated immediately.
  • Electrolyte imbalance - Vomiting causes the body to lose important salts it needs to keep working properly.
  • Peptic esophagitis - The esophagus—the tube that connects the mouth to the stomach—becomes injured from stomach acid moving through it while vomiting.
  • Hematemesis - The esophagus becomes irritated and bleeds, so blood mixes with vomit.
  • Mallory-Weiss tear -  The lower end of the esophagus may tear open or the stomach may bruise from vomiting or retching.
  • Tooth decay -  The acid in vomit can hurt teeth by corroding tooth enamel.


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