What is a Colpocephaly?

By  ,  Onlymyhealth editorial team
Jan 18, 2013
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Quick Bites

  • Colpocephaly is a congenital brain abnormality.
  • It is believed to be caused  due to some kind of disturbance in the foetus.
  • There is no definitive treatment for colpocephaly.
  • Anticonvulsant medications are often prescribed to prevent seizures.

Colpocephaly is a congenital brain abnormality. The occipital horns (the posterior or rear portion of the lateral ventricles of the brain become larger than normal because white matter in the posterior cerebrum has failed to develop or thicken.

 

colpocephaly

 

There is uncertainty about the cause of colpocephaly, it is believed to be due to some kind of disturbance in the foetal environment. The studies have identified that it occurs between the second and sixth months of pregnancy.

 

Symptoms

Colpocephaly, one of a group of structural brain disorders known as cephalic disorders, is characterized by microcephaly (an abnormally small head) and mental retardation. Other features may include movement abnormalities, muscle spasms, and seizures.

 

Diagnosis

The condition may be diagnosed late in pregnancy, although it is often misdiagnosed as hydrocephalus (excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain). It may be more accurately diagnosed after birth when signs of mental retardation, microcephaly, and seizures are present.

 

Treatment

There is no definitive treatment for colpocephaly. Anticonvulsant medications are often prescribed to prevent seizures, and doctors rely on exercise therapies and orthopedic appliances to reduce shrinkage or shortening of muscles.

 

(Image source:Gettyimages)

Read more articles on Colpocephaly.

 

 

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