Cirrhosis is a disease of the liver in which the healthy liver cells are destroyed and replaced by scar tissue. Cirrhosis is caused because of continuous long-standing injury to the liver.
As the healthy cells of the liver are destroyed, it fails to function normally and gradually symptoms develop. Liver is an important organ of the body that is present in the abdomen. It has many important functions such as:
Causes of cirrhosis of the liver
There are many causes of cirrhosis, but excess alcohol consumption and chronic hepatitis B or C infections are two of the most common causes.
The damage caused to liver cells in cirrhosis is permanent and cannot be reversed (liver function does not return to normal with treatment). Gradually, the damage progresses and the liver stops functioning. This is called liver failure.
Some symptoms present in a person with cirrhosis are:
Treatment of cirrhosis
There is no cure for cirrhosis because liver damage that has occurred already cannot be reversed. Treatment aims to improve the symptoms, manage complications and prevent the condition from getting worse. Treatment of a person with cirrhosis may include:
Liver transplant may be done in people with severe liver damage. In this, the diseased liver is removed by surgery and replaced with a healthy donor’s liver.
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