Men in their fifties do not experience the rapid loss of bone mass that women do in the years following menopause.
By age 65 or 70, however, men and women are losing bone mass at the same rate, and the absorption of calcium, an essential nutrient for bone health throughout life, decreases in both sexes. Excessive bone mass loss causes bones to become fragile and more likely to fracture.
Osteoporosis is caused by several different contributing factors. These are:
If you have a family history of osteoporosis, you are at greater risk for the disease than those without one. Studies have linked ethnicity to the risk of osteoporosis; Caucasian and Asian-origin people are more likely to experience osteoporosis than African Americans, or Hispanic origin.
Testosterone protects bone mass; men are more likely to get osteoporosis due to a decreasing presence of low testosterone levels. Moreover, if you have previously broken a bone, your bone mineral density can be less and it is one of the contributors of osteoporosis.
Lifestyle too has a role in development of osteoporosis; what you eat, drink and how much activity you engage in, can contribute to osteoporosis development. If you don’t get enough calcium, vitamin D or essential minerals such as phosphorus and magnesium from your diet, you are depriving your bones its nourishment. As a result of deficiency of these nutrients, your body doesn’t get what it needs to boost bone mass.
A sedentary lifestyle also contributes to the development of osteoporosis. You must make exercise or physical activity of any sort a part of daily routine. Performing weight-bearing exercises (lifting weights, doing push-ups or squats), moderate training (such as running, walking or aerobics) or their combination can increase bone mass.
Likewise, there are certain foods that have a negative impact on bone mass. Smoking and excessive consumption of alcohol affect bone density and can deplete bone mass considerably. Excess protein intake or drinking too much caffeine may have negative effect and can contribute to the onset of osteoporosis.
If you are under medications, your bones can be affected by your medications. Medications can contribute to unhealthy bones, particularly if they are taken over long periods of time for a chronic illness. Be wary of the steroid medications for rheumatoid arthritis or asthma treatment. High doses of such medications can be harmful to the bones. Speak with your doctor about the risks.
Fractures resulting from osteoporosis most commonly occur in the hip, spine, and wrist, and can be permanently disabling. Hip fractures are especially dangerous. Perhaps because such fractures tend to occur at older ages in men than in women, men who sustain hip fractures are more likely than women to die from complications.
Osteoporosis is a condition that most people do not worry about until they reach their 40s. Since the rate at which bones lose their mass does not speed up until one reaches middle age. Osteoporosis generally manifests itself in older people; but you must take factors into account that have a role in development of osteoporosis.
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