What are the Causes of Malignant Pleural Effusions?

By  ,  Onlymyhealth editorial team
Sep 17, 2014

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Quick Bites

  • Malignancy leads to malignant pleural effusions.
  • Congestive heart failure and infection are other causes.
  • The treatment for condition relieves breathlessness.
  • There are various ways to diagnose the condition.

What is Malignant Pleural Effusions?

Malignant pleural effusions are a condition of malignancy. Malignancy is a common cause of pleural effusions generally and it is responsible for almost 40 per cent of symptomatic pleural effusions. The other major causes are congestive heart failure and infection. Conditions like lung cancer, breast cancer, lymphoma and leukemia lead to approximately 75 per cent of all malignancy-associated effusions.

Malignant Pleural Effusions Causes

What is the Treatment for Malignant Pleural Effusions?

The aim of the malignant pleural effusions is to give relief from breathlessness. At times the treatment of underlying cancer can cause resolution of effusion. A simple aspiration of pleural fluid can relieve breathlessness fast but the fluid and symptoms will usually recur within few weeks. It is because of this that more permanent treatments are usually used to prevent fluid recurrence. The standard treatment includes chest tube insertions and pleurodesis. But, this treatment demands the patient to stay for approximately 2-7 days in the hospital and be highly painful and has a significant failure rate.

Malignant Pleural Effusions Causes

How is it Diagnosis?

There are many ways in which the malignant pleural effusions can be diagnosed. These include:

  • Clinical evaluation
  • Imaging
  • Biochemical analysis
  • Hisptopathology
  • Biomarkers

Read more on Malignant Pleural Effusions Causes and Risks.

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