The exact cause of most forms of juvenile arthritis is not well understood. Currently there is no evidence to suggest that foods, toxins, allergies or vitamin deficiencies play a role in any type of juvenile arthritis. According to most experts juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) the commonest type of juvenile arthritis is caused by a combination of factors such as that is overly active immune system, viral or bacterial infections, and genetic factors.
Other forms of juvenile arthritis such as juvenile spondyloarthropathies (a group of diseases that affects the spine and joints of the lower extremities, most commonly the hips and knees), juvenile psoriatic arthritis (is a type of arthritis that occurs in a skin condition psoriasis), juvenile dermatomyositis (an inflammatory disease that causes muscle weakness, skin rash on the eyelids and arthritis), juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (an autoimmune disease which causes skin rashes, arthritis, pleurisy, kidney disease and neurologic movement) are all also probably caused due to auto-immune process and genetic susceptibility.
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