Encephalitis is most often caused by viral infections, but can also be caused by bacterial infection. The condition is classified into two types – primary and secondary. Primary encephalitis, also referred to as acute viral encephalitis, is a direct viral infection of the spinal cord and brain. Secondary encephalitis, also known as post-infective encephalitis, is a consequence of complications of a current viral infection.
The causes of encephalitis are as follows.
Anyone can develop encephalitis. Factors that may increase the risk of the condition are as follows
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