Appendicitis is the inflammation of the appendix. The appendix is a small, finger shaped protrusion of the colon and is found in the lower right quadrant of the abdomen. The inflammation may be acute or chronic. It commonly occurs between the ages of 10 and 30 and is more common in men than in women than in women According to the Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine, appendicitis is the most common medical condition in the United Stated of America.
Scientists believe that this condition is caused by an obstruction in the appendix. The obstruction may be either partial or complete. The obstruction can be caused by enlarged lymphoid follicles, worms, trauma and tumors. When there is obstruction in the appendix, the bacteria tends to multiply inside the organ leading to the formation of pus. The increased pressure may cause pain or compress the local blood vessels. Reduced blood flow to the appendix may form gangrene. When the appendix ruptures, the fecal matter can fill the abdomen. The ruptured appendix may cause peritonitis which is the inflammation of the tissues that lines the abdominal wall. Other organs such as cecum, bladder and sigmoid colon can also become inflamed after a rupture.
Symptoms of appendicitis include :
The pain may begin as mild cramping which often becomes more steady and severe with time. The appendicitis can also affect the urination.
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